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Using the tcp: prefix for SQL Server connections : Force use of TCP protocol

05 September,2014 by Tom Collins

Question: I’ve been advised to use the prefix tcp:   for a SQL Server connection, during some connection troubleshooting.  Could you explain the purpose of using the tcp: prefix , such as :


Answer: The tcp:  prefix will force the usage of TCP/IP transport.  There are certain situations , where using the tcp: will allow a valid  SQL Server connection.

When using the tcp: prefix you’re requesting to explicitly connect through TCP/IP. If the server is not listening on TCP/IP , your options are either to not use the tcp: prefix or  locate and enable the tcp protocol. Use the SQL Server Configuration Manager | SQL Server Network Configuration tab for the SQL Server Instance.


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